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Mark Billadeau

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Everything posted by Mark Billadeau

  1. Rookies are generally younger seniors being considered younger may not be that bad
  2. Take your dog’s temperature. https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/taking-your-pets-temperature
  3. Depends on the dog! Our first loved fetch. He was so driven to fetch he impaled himself on a bush branch diving into the bushes to get the ball. He kept playing fetch (no signs of pain) until we noticed the hole in his back. He also cut open his front leg (we guess on broken glass in the bushes) and didn’t stop until we saw the blood. His drive was present working stock or any other activity; pain would not dampen his drive. It fell upon us to protect him from his drive. Some of our dogs have been careful to protect their bodies playing or working stock; while others were driven enough to require us to moderate their drive in risky situations. The risks of injury were less about the activity and more about the personality of the dog.
  4. Another resource is the Ontario Border Collie Club
  5. I’ve seen a few published studies on human genes that impact how fast drugs are absorbed from a transdermal patch. Perhaps, there are analogous canine mutations (with very low incident rates) that alter how fast drugs delivered to the skin of dog via spot-on or slow release collars are absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream. If the serum levels get high enough most drugs can become toxic.
  6. Go compare the dose per kg for ivermectin for oral, IM, and pour on for treatment of the same parasite. The route of introducing a drug impacts the resulting serum levels. Working backwards from this information one learns that how one is exposed to an active ingredient alters the amount one can tolerate before it becomes toxic. Also the magnitude of the dose/time impacts the resulting serum levels; slow release from a collar vs spray coated with a liquid. This publication describes how the slow release collars work. The discussion section has a good overview. The synergistic action of imidacloprid and flumethrin and their release kinetics from collars applied for ectoparasite control in dogs and cats
  7. While the active ingredient in these collars may be causing reactions at the dose being provided by the collars; the example above has a flaw. The dose/exposure obtained while spraying will be higher and the possibly routes of body entry (inhalation, eyes, absorption through the skin, etc) will be more than from a collar. If one were to exclude active ingredients based upon the required protection during agricultural spraying one would also need to exclude soap; agricultural spraying “insecticidal soap” also requires hazmat gear.
  8. I’m sorry I don’t have any information for you on a connection between seizures and what you described.
  9. My employer has been designated as “essential”; which means I’m in the current group being vaccinated and am waiting to hear when new doses are available.
  10. Please excuse me while I brag on my employer. Here is part of a press release from my employer on products we developed with NIAID (Dr Fauci’s department) to measure the antibodies against SARS-CoV-2: ”Operation Warp Speed (OWS) has chosen as the basis of its standard binding assays for immunogenicity assessments in all funded Phase III clinical trials of vaccines.” Our product was and is being used for several vaccines being tested and data has been published for Moderna’s and AstraZeneca’s vaccines using our product.
  11. Dogs are able to digest and utilize the nutrients in corn meal (and other grains). Proven in studies where only corn meal is fed and measuring the differences between the nutrients in the feed and what comes out after digestion; also proven by the presence of multiple copies of amylase genes in dogs which produces enzymes that digest the starch from grains. Grains are not good for dogs that have allergies to those grains. Species specific meat meals are manufactured from what usda slaughter houses (animals must be able to walk in on their own power to meet usda inspection) provide because of how much raw ingredients the rendering process needs (this equipment processes 2-16 tons/hr https://mavitecrendering.com/rendering-equipment/processing-section/supercookor/); obtaining species specific carcasses from low volume sources would be disruptive to their supply chain (no one could sort animal parts by species when they arrive at a rendering plant). Species can be (and have been) identified in meat meals (or kibble) by dna testing. Non species specific meat meals likely utilize non usda inspected sources.
  12. Where is the evidence that species specific by-products come from 4D meats and road kill? Just because it is posted and reposted on the internet does not make it fact. Show me the verified study proving this oft repeated statement.
  13. I find it interesting how by-products (anything that is not the deboned meat) in kibble are considered bad ingredients but in raw diets they are considered valued sources of nutrients; and these by-products are readily consumed by wild & feral canines. How quickly we have forgotten that man eats almost everything from a pig (from snot to tail) and also other prey animals; most of which falls under the definition of by-product. Just an observation; not an endorsement of particular pet food ingredients.
  14. In 27 years we have gone from one pet border collie in an apartment to many working border collies on a farm with a flock of 55-70 breeding ewes.
  15. Not 5%, <5% Usually a “<“ is used when surveys on prevalence find a small number of affected in a random sample that is not large enough to get a good assessment of the entire population.
  16. The ABCA HEF has a summary of epilepsy in our breed, it is not much. https://bordercolliefoundation.org/health-and-education/genetic-diseases/#epilepsy
  17. No new findings. There’s a new study getting started. I can’t find a link to this new study at the uminn vet school https://vetmed.umn.edu/research/labs/canine-genetics-lab/genetic-research
  18. it was posted Sept 27, 2019 The Current State Of Testing For Early Adult Onset Deafness (EAOD)
  19. I do not see a question posted by you in Sept 2019, only statements and a link.
  20. Your question was about having a “more detailed discussion of the EOAD marker test”. A detailed discussion requires detailed questions; not the open ended one you posted.
  21. As you are well aware (you have been told), Hannes Lohi’s research lab has been closed down due to Finland’s Covid-19 lockdown (no lab work, no Baer testing of dogs, etc). You know you are asking questions for which we cannot provide answers; so why ask them? We have no influence over Finland’s lockdown. I am sorry, but Covid-19 is more important than EAOD (safety of researchers, safety of owners who volunteer their dogs, and resources refocused on SARS-CoV-2 over other studies).
  22. You should be focusing upon what your pup could be ingesting (carpet, underlayment, tacks, etc) and less on the damage he is doing. Crating is a way to ensure your pup cannot continue to ingest flooring materials that could lead to emergency surgery to remove foreign objects.
  23. This section is: Training Discussion Forum for those engaged in training their border collies for livestock operations and ISDS-style trials. Please post these discussions in the “Other BC Topics” section.
  24. Amy, thank you for the update; I’ve been wondering/worrying how you were fairing with the fires. I’m happy to hear you’re doing well (as well as can be expected). Stay safe and healthy. Mark
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