Report Border Collie Nationals in Politics and Culture Posted September 24, 2011 I'm not sure I follow all this, but do dogs have to be registered or "purebred" to compete in USDAA and NADAC trials? If not, I'm not sure that non-breeding papers are of any use. I've often wondered how difficult it is to go after someone who breeds a dog sold with a non-breeding contract. Seems to me that by the time you win your case, if you win your case, there will be pups on the ground. The way the legal system works, those pups might have pups on the ground. So then what happens to those pups (and their pups)? Are they yours? Do they remain with their "breeder"? Not trying to be facetious here, just wondering how effective a non-breeding contract is going to be to actually stop people from breeding. Regardless of how the dog's papers read, it's all too easy to fake them. I've known of breeders who blue-slipped non-registered puppies. It's simple, all you have to do is report to the AKC that your registered bitch whelped 7 pups, when she only whelped 5. (Or get a friend who has a new litter on the ground.) Then you have two extra blue slips to tack on the non-registered pups that you think are so swell that you want to keep them, show them and then breed them. I know of two occasions when this actually happened. Then they used the bogus-registered pup in their breeding program, and sold his pups. And all those puppies had pedigrees that signified nothing. And the AKC had the money for the registrations of those puppies. I knew of a multi-breed puppy mill that had a German Shepherd Dog stud die, and since they didn't have another GSD male, they just put their 3 GSD bitches to a Siberian Husky. They didn't report the death of their GSD stud to the AKC. The pet shops they sold to didn't know any difference, and the puppy buyers were holding AKC papers on mixed breed dogs. If one is truly interested in keeping working bred Border Collies from being inappropriately reproduced, one would do better not to sell un-neutered/ spayed dogs to non-working homes. But then I expect a lot of agility folk would be unhappy about early neutering of their dogs. It's a reasonable concern for them, and I wouldn't like it either, even though I would have no intention of breeding my dog, I wouldn't want her fixed until she was mature. So then what? Who to sell the pups to and with what papers, if any? I was talking strictly of keeping the dogs out of ABCA. And I didn't mean a contract (which as you noted may need legal action to enforce). I meant register pups with ABCA with papers that say no offspring of this dog can be registered ABCA. Nonbreeeding papers from ABCA do nothing to keep a dog from being AKC registered and bred there. It doesn't prevent people from breeding the dogs or running them in agility. And no, NADAC, USDAA, etc do not require purebred or registered dogs. What it would do is prevent offspring from staying in the ABCA gene pool. It's what I stated before, two sides - keeping the 'bad' dogs from pumping offspring into the ABCA gene pool (which nonbreeding papers might help) vs controlling what the whole world does and not allowing anyone to breed for the wrong reasons or register dogs anywhere if they do breed - which is beyond what ABCA or individual working breeders can control. You're always going to get some people who are dishonest and try to trick the system (faking which litter a pup came from for example) but at least it would make it difficult enough that most people wouldn't bother.